Ancient Egyptian Civilization Lesson Plan

Objective: This lesson plan focuses on Ancient Egyptian Civilization for 7th graders for a Eastern Hemisphere class. The unit plan is set for 5 days, with each day focusing on a particular subject dealing with Ancient Egypt. Students will gain a perspective on Egyptian life, culture, geography, and contributions to the world.

Day 1: Introduction
Students will write a short paragraph on what the know about Ancient Egypt and what they think about when they hear the phrase "Ancient Egypt." This will allow the teacher to see what the students know and what perceptions the students have towards Ancient Egyptian Civilization. A introduction lesson will be presented giving the students basic background information on Ancient Egypt.

Assignment: Have students complete map of Ancient Egypt. They will use their books to identity major areas in Egypt such as Nile River, Alexandria, Giza Pyramids, etc. Have the students save later for trade portion of lesson and for future reference.

Day 2: The Nile River
With the students having a map of Egypt, they will be able to see its proximity to major water sources. This lesson will focus on how Egyptians based their society on being near the Nile River and Mediterranean Sea. It will explore how Egyptians were able to use their geographic location to be successful at trading, agriculture, and fishing. The material and resources the Nile River was able to produce for the Egyptians also led to much of their success such as papyrus.

Day 3: Egyptian Life
Now that the students have a foundation for Ancient Egypt, we will begin to explore daily life. This lesson will focus on the hierarchy of classes, pharaohs, slaves and how each class was assigned a specific job. Egyptian life was more than just work and classes, but some Egyptians developed writing and theories that are still used today. For example, the Egyptians created hieroglyphs to tell stories. The lesson will illustrate how the Egyptians used them, so the students can create their own story.

Assignment: Create a poster of the student's own hieroglpyhs. Present the next day for 2-3 minutes describing their meaning at the end of the unit.

Day 4: Monuments and gods
Hang the students hieroglyphs posters around the room. The students will present them on the last day. This lesson will focus on the monuments and gods the Egyptians built and worshipped. Describing how they built the pyramids, sphinx, obelisk and discuss their meanings. Go through the different gods they worshipped and how each god had a specific meaning. This lesson will consist of pictures and short descriptions of each image.

Assignment: Choose any topic of Ancient Egypt that interest you. Write an essay 3-4 paragraphs on what you learned about that topic.

Day 5: Conclusion and presentation
This lesson will conclude the unit with the students presenting their hieroglyphs. It will also be a short lesson on concluding topics that deal with Ancient Egypt and their significance and achievements that are seen throughout the world.

  • Powerpoint presentation for each lesson.
  • Websites:
  • Map of Ancient Egypt
  • Markers, pencils, rulers, posters for hieroglyphs